Sustainable Forest Management

We plan, supervise and carry out various kinds of silvicultural work that are essential to responsible and sustainable forest management. As certified forestry consultants, we can also advise you on financial assistance programs.

Forest Management Plan

Preparing a Forest Management Plan (FMP) is generally the first step toward quality forest management. While there are several kinds of FMP depending on needs, the main objectives are to make an accurate description of the particular forest (species, age) and to plan silvicultural work properly. Wildlife present must also be considered before any forestry operation. FMPs for private woodlots are normally valid for 10 years.

Silvicultural Work

Most of the silvicultural work we do is either to establish a quality forest stand or to improve an existing stand. We do our work by the rules of the art and always with respect for the environment.

Site preparation
Site preparation like clearing and chipping lays the groundwork for efficient reforestation of the chosen site. More precisely, it serves to create or maintain a sufficient number of microsites for trees to be planted and grown

Planting
The purpose of tree planting is to establish a quality forest stand. Reforestation can be done on farm or forest wildland, on a poorly regenerated site or in an existing stand of poor quality. The choice of types and species must be made on the basis of the site's characteristics. Spirals, mulches or protectors may be needed where there is strong competition from shrubs and undergrowth, or where browsing deer and rodents are present (field mice, rabbits, etc.). Deciduous plantations (maple, birch, poplar, etc.) generally take more preparation and maintenance than conifer plantations (spruce, pine, larch, etc.).

Maintenance of regeneration
Regeneration maintenance work is performed to promote the development of young stems for the future. This can be done both in natural stands and plantations. Such maintenance takes the form of weeding, releasing stems or pruning.

Non-commercial treatments
Non-commercial treatments include pre-commercial thinning, intermediary thinning and pruning to promote the development of future growth. Such treatments are considered non-commercial because they do not produce a harvest of lumber. They are performed in young stands where there are very few stems with a diameter at breast height (DBH) of 10 centimetres or more.

Commercial treatments
Commercial treatments consist of selective cutting to harvest wood, while also promoting the maintenance or improvement of forest potential. Selective cutting includes thinning, selection cutting, progressive seed cutting, salvage cutting and maple stand improvement cutting. In some cases, tree marking is done to select and identify stems to be harvested. Performed by the forest consultant prior to cutting, marking ensures that the treatment is effective.

Infrastructure
Forest drainage and the construction or improvement of forest roads help to improve the value of properties by improving tree growth and facilitating silvicultural work.

Financial Assistance Programs

Financial assistance programs are available for private woodlot owners who wish to carry out silvicultural work. These programs are generally offered by regional forest authorities. As a forestry consultant accredited by the Agence forestière de la Montérégie (Montérégie forest authority), E.F. Univert has all of the necessary information on this topic and can advise interested woodlot owners.

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